Welcome to Smart-Wiring
|fig.1 Normal boxes|
This is what you might have in your house. A 200 amp
main panel, with a sub-panel for your Basement. You will notice the four large breakers in the lower left of the main panel, One of them
feeds the sub-panel. But there only separated by a few inches. We will separate them by tens of feet. Also the panel will not be a standard electrical
panel, As I can't mount my controls inside.
|fig.3 Automation / Smart-Wire Remote|
We will solve this problem by using industrial control boxes which everything is mounted
on DIN-Rails. This product is widely used in automation, as has a large eco-system around it. The controls are all certified by the UL and
other regulatory bodies as well.
This means that it conforms
to the National Electrical Code or NEC/NFPA70,and you should have no problem with
permitting rules. This box will be divided in to several section consisting of 115 Volts ac, LED Lighting 12 volts DC, Low Voltage
embedded computer, and other goodies
Circuit Breaker types:
- Normal Circuit Beakers: not found in Wet, Outdoors, Garage, Accessory Buildings,
Kitchens Counters, Bathrooms, Unfinished Basements or Bedrooms
- GFCI, Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter: found in Wet, Outdoors, Garage, Accessory Buildings,
Kitchens Counters, Bathrooms, Unfinished Basements (detect micro-currents and will save your life ie. power in the bathtub.)
Kitchens require at least two(2) 20-amp circuits for counter tops
- The NEC was updated in 2023: Section 210.8(A)(6) Now requires GFI protection for all the receptacles installed in the Kitchen, regardless of their location or purpose!
- AFCI, ARC-Fault Circuit Interrupter: found in Bedrooms and has been required since 2014.
It works by detecting an electric arc in the circuit it protects to prevent electrical fires.
An AFCI selectively distinguishes between a harmless arc (incidental to normal operation of switches, plugs, and brushed motors),
and a potentially dangerous arc (that can occur, for example, in a lamp cord which has a broken conductor).
|fig.5 GFCI Outlet
||fig.6 GFCI Breaker
||fig.7 ACFI Breaker|